China and the Asia-Pacific: The way forward for Japan-U.S. and the region (Follow Up)

On Mar 6, 2011, at 4:54 PM, Ignatius Y. Ding wrote:

> Dear Professor Krauss,
> In the last few days, I have been following your email exchanges with Dr. Ivy Lee and read all the messages from others to you. I am delighted that the discussions have been civil and educational. As the date of the UCSD public forum on the subject matter rapidly approaches, I would like to add my two cents to the cordial dialogue in the hope that all of our concerns and suggestions would be taken into consideration in your discussion with your university experts and invited guest speakers.
> You are correct that numerous Japanese Prime Ministers have offered personal apology to its wartime victims. However, those apologies were invariably followed immediately by one or more flat denial of war responsibility by the same top official or someone in his cabinet, or a landslide vote against the apology by the Diet as in the case of the national apology motioned by the former Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama (村山富市) in 1995, or by dozens (up to 150) cabinet members and Diet members to pay homage at Yasukuni Shrine where not only the 14 Class A war criminals were enshrined as living gods, but also more than 14,000 other war criminals, including 1,068 convicted by the WWII war crimes court, who murdered, brutalized, raped and mutilated tens of millions of innocent civilians in invaded or colonized countries. Their claim to merely honor a national tradition fools no one since there was no such an annual ritual prior to 1978. Note that former Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi’s (小泉純一郎) flip-flop was most startling. He visited the notorious shrine “as the Prime Minster of Japan” within 12 hours after he offered his “heartfelt apology” at an APEC Summit in Singapore. By any measure, his apology is questionable at best. Please keep in mind what Dr. Stanek has pointed out what and how the world, or yourself, might react if top German officials openly worship Adolf Hitler and his Nazi cronies at a national monument.
> As a California taxpayer, I am thrilled to learn that our UC faculties include many experts on these important subjects. Our money is well spent to educate our youth of the truth and the facts of historical importance, in a balanced way, as you and your distinguished colleagues strives to achieve.
> However, our education should not stop at merely learning from the past, but also the material facts of the present days as well. We learn from the remarkable uprising in the Muslim world, the renewed labor movement across the United States, and the recognition of the forgotten contributions in WWII by the segregated African American soldiers and airmen.
> Certainly scholars and experts at UCSD are fully aware the continuing struggles of the survivors of Japanese WWII atrocities and the lingering ill-effect of the weapons of mass destruction Japan left in China that is destroying the eco system along the Russo-Chinese borders. To name a few:
> · Survivors of Japanese germ warfare in 22 of China’s 25 provinces continue to suffer from the deadly attacks. Many victims of weaponized Anthrax and Glanders have been crippled and bedridden for more than six decades with infected limbs rotted to the bones.
> · Up to two million shells or canisters of poison gas are scattered in Northeastern China, commonly known as Manchuria. Civilians were killed or severely injured in recent years while leaked poison gas from the rusted bomb shells or canisters gets into underground water and contaminates thousands of square miles of farmland and rural areas.
> · A number of rats captured each year in the mountain regions in Southeast provinces, such as Zhejiang, and Southwest provinces, such as Yunnan, continue to test positive with bubonic plague that was spread by Japan’s germ warfare troops, a.k.a. Unit 731, during the war. So far, the Japanese government refuses to acknowledge and accept responsibility for the war crimes.
> The list above could be rather lengthy. Let’s leave that for another day.
> Having a democratic system in place is a good thing for the Japanese populace (despite that it was imposed on them by the Allies’ occupation forces). We can’t agree more with you that the current and future generations of Japanese should not be burdened by the sins of their forefathers. Having said that, we still have to question their collective wisdom to elect so many war criminals or their direct descendants into high offices in the post-war governments who have been behind its hard-line ultra-nationalistic policies, including
> · the flat denial of responsibilities of the war as the aggressor,
> · the distortion of history in school textbooks and popular multi-media publications,
> · the refusal to pay back wages to its military sexual slaves and enslaved labors,
> · a complete cleanup of its biological and chemical weapons left behind in China and elsewhere; and
> · the rewrite its pacific constitution and the rebuild its military (Japan currently has the largest and most powerful naval force in the Pacific, only second to the US Navy).
> Only in the post-war Japan, a country would have elected Class A war criminal like Nobusuke Kishi (aka 岸信介), the slave master and wartime Minister of Commerce and Industry to the Office of Prime Minister multiple times, and placed those who were directly benefitted from the war machine in charge of the nation, such as Junichiro Koizumi (the grandson of the yakuza crime boss, or oya-bun, in Manchuria, the “Tattoo Minister,” and Class C war criminal Matajirō Koizumi, aka 小泉又次郎), Taro Aso, aka 麻生太郎, (the current chairman and president of the Aso Mining family enterprise that was proven enriched by the enslavement of Allied prisoners of war), Shinzo Abe, aka 安倍晋三,(the grandson of Nobusuke Kishi), and the former Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama (鳩山由紀夫) and his brother and LDP top brass Kunio Hatoyama (鳩山邦夫) who are bankrolled into high offices by their mother Yasuko Ishibashi (石橋安子) , the heir of the Ishibashi family enterprise (aka Bridgestone) that enslaved tens of thousands of Koreans and Chinese in Hainan, China and Southeast Asia under its wartime name Nippon Tires. Ishibashi Corporation’s war crimes uniquely included the coercion and trafficking of sexual slaves (aka “Comfort Women”) in war zones. I am certain that the UCSD experts are intimately familiar with these matters of record at the US National Archives and Records Administration in Rockville, MD. This brief and partial list only serves as a reminder to you panelists at the forum.

> It is understandable that you would consider Dr. Lee’s suggestion to invite Chinese and Chinese American scholars to future UCSD seminars as “out of line” [intrusion to your academic freedom] – to keep outsiders and especially politics away. However, it is ironic and curious to find your hosting committee of the March 8th event cheerful enlisting the Japanese Consulate General of Los Angeles, an official representative of a foreign government, as your co-sponsor and the flier supplied by its office as the official invitation to the public at large (see below). Does anyone at UCSD get concerned this appearance of collusion to affect your academic integrity and independence? I apologize that I really don’t know how else I might more politely or less directly put this question to you.

> —– Forwarded Message —-
> From: “Bibb, Portia” > To: “” ; . . . .
> Cc: “Krauss, Ellis” ; Kanako Kozasa ; “Hoshi, Takeo” > Sent: Tue, March 1, 2011 5:00:13 PM
> Subject: China and the Asia-Pacific: The way forward for Japan-U.S. and the region
> Dear China Focused Community Friends,
> On behalf of Dean Peter Cowhey at the School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (, at UC San Diego, we are excited to share a special event starting at 2:30 pm on Tuesday, March 8th, entitled $B!H(BChina and the Asia-Pacific: The way forward for Japan-U.S. and the region.$B!I(B This will be held on the campus at UCSD-please find driving and parking directions below to IR/PS.
> Event Overview: What are the opportunities and challenges presented by the rise of China, and what should be Japan-U.S. response for the region? Japanese and American experts will discuss the diplomatic, security, economic, energy policy implications for Japan, the U.S., and other players in the region. Please see the distinguished panelists, in the attached flyer cosponsored by the Japan Consulate in Los Angeles.
> March 8, 2011
> 2:30 pm China and the Asia-Pacific: The way forward for Japan-U.S. and the region panel presentation
> 4:00 pm Reception
> School of International Relations and Pacific Studies
> We hope that you may have time to send a special invitation to your community friends. We hope to see many of you next Tuesday if possible. Please let us know your questions.
> Thank you sincerely,
> Portia and team
> —— Forwarded Message
> From: Kanako Kozasa
> Date: Tue, 1 Mar 2011 13:04:17 -0800
> To: “Bibb, Portia” > Cc: “Keckin, Amanda”
> Subject: RE: IR/PS March 8 Event
> Dear Portia
> Good afternoon. I hope you had a wonderful weekend.
> Please find the attached flier.
> Sincerely,
> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> Kanako Kozasa
> $B>.:{AU;R(B
> Advisor
> Consulate General of Japan, Los Angeles
> Tel: (213) 617-6700 ext. 309
> Fax: (213) 617-6728

> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> There is absolutely no intention on my part to offend you or anyone at UCSD. It is only meant to engage in a frank and honest dialogue in the hope to start productive exchange in the future. Again, I sincerely offer again our unqualified support to UCSD in developing educational materials and conduct balanced review of history and regional strategic relations. Please call on us if we can help identifying guest speakers for your seminars or candidates for your research programs. Thanks you.
> Ignatius Y. Ding
> Executive Vice President
> Global Alliance for Preserving the Truth of WWII in Asia

—– Forwarded Message —-
From: Ellis Krauss
To: Ignatius Y. Ding
Sent: Sun, March 6, 2011 7:48:41 PM
Subject: Re: China and the Asia-Pacific: The way forward for Japan-U.S. and the region (Follow Up)

Dear Ignatius, Thank you for your opinions. I am quite busy this week and have already responded as to my opinions on these issues multiple times so won’t bore you with further extensive ones. Here, however are some brief responses of the points in your message:

1)I am quite aware of what the Japanese army did during the Pacific War and the historical memories issue is discussed (objectively) in my classes where students of all nationalities have the opportunity to express their views.
2) I agree with you that good percentage of Japan’s problem is that the sincere apologies of government leaders is undercut by the actions and statements of others and right-wing groups. I abhor that too. But Japan is a democracy where you cannot force people to believe what they don’t want to believe. May I ask if the Tibet issue and what China has and is doing there been an issue widely discussed by the Chinese government publicly? By commentators freely in China? Should that topic be on every list of every event held on China and experts on it be invited? I think you see my point. As abhorrent as the actions of those politicians and individuals are, if the question is whether Japan has apologized or not, the answer is yes there have been many.

I applaud your and others’ efforts to spread the truth about those years to Japanese and Americans. But other than a more formal apology, what would you have the Japanese government do? Would such a formal apology satisfy you?

3)Yes, that is correct: the CG of LA is sponsoring the event. The answer is that I feel no problem with that because I was involved in the issue of whom to invite. The event is actually a follow-up event to one held at Columbia U. in NYC sponsored by the CG there. We were asked if we would like to host a follow-up event at which two of the scholars at that meeting would report on the discussions there to a West coast audience. I agreed and we tried to get several faculty at my School to attend. As it turned out I and Barry Naughton were the only ones who could make it. As the two scholars coming to this event who were at the NY meeting are both highly respected and legitimate experts on China and Japan-China whom me and my colleague knows, I did not see a single thing wrong with that. We cosponsor events with local groups and community people and governments and groups all the time. As long as it is a legitimate academic event, at which we have input and final say over the individuals invited I don’t see a problem. I myself don’t even know what the report is going to say and may well talk about the historical memories issue. But I’m sure it will all be done in an objective and responsible manner.
Best regards,

China patrol ship near Senkakus

Friday, Jan. 28, 2011

China patrol ship near Senkakus

NAHA, Okinawa Pref. (Kyodo) A Chinese patrol boat was spotted Thursday morning near the disputed Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea, the Japan Coast Guard said.

Identified as the Yuzheng 201, the vessel was seen around 7:50 a.m. just outside Japan’s territorial waters, about 29 km northwest from Kuba Island, one of the islets of the Japan-administered Senkaku group.

The coast guard warned the vessel by radio not to enter Japanese territorial waters, officials said.

The Chinese vessel responded by saying “the Senkaku Islands are an integral part of Chinese territory. We are conducting legitimate operations,” according to the officials.

The same ship was spotted navigating near the islet group in late November.

Five Chinese patrol vessels, including the Yuzheng 201, have been spotted in the area since the September clash between a Chinese fishing boat and the Japan Coast Guard.
‘Takeshima Day’

MATSUE , Shimane Pref. (Kyodo) Shu Watanabe of the Democratic Party of Japan will become the ruling party’s first lawmaker to attend an annual ceremony commemorating “Takeshima Day” in Shimane Prefecture on Feb. 22, prefectural officials and local DPJ members said Wednesday.

The plan is part of the DPJ’s efforts to fend off domestic criticism that it has been too soft on the sovereignty of the South Korean-controlled islets in the Sea of Japan. However, the move could provoke a backlash from Seoul.

The move comes at a time when territorial disputes have been under the spotlight following the Sept. 7 run-in between a Chinese trawler and Japan Coast Guard cutters near the Japan-controlled Senkaku Islands, which are claimed by China and Taiwan.

Watanabe, 49, plans to join the Shimane event to promote Japan’s claim to the islets, called Dokdo in South Korea.

Watanabe is considering taking part in a panel discussion on the territorial issue at the event, the officials said, adding the local government will also call on certain Cabinet members, including the foreign and education ministers, to attend.

Watanabe, who heads the DPJ’s National Rallying and Canvassing Committee, belongs to a bipartisan group of lawmakers working on protecting Japanese territory.

Hisaaki Komuro, the lawmaker who heads the party’s prefectural chapter and who was opposed to designating “Takeshima Day,” is also scheduled to attend the ceremony, party members said.

note: please refer our 09/24/2010 posting by Nicholes Kristof of NY times

Christian Bale to Star in Zhang Yimou Film

Christian Bale to Star in Zhang Yimou Film
3:03 AM 12/22/2010 by Jonathan Landreth

Jon Kopaloff/FilmMagic/Getty Images
The director of the Beijing Olympics opening ceremonies takes on his biggest production yet.

BEIJING — Christian Bale will star in Zhang Yimou’s upcoming 600 million yuan ($90.2 million) Nanjing Heroes about the Nanjing Massacre, China’s most famous director said at a press conference Wednesday.

The budget is roughly equal to the budget of John Woo’s Red Cliff, and approaches the total box office take of Aftershock, now China’s most successful domestically-produced film.

Zhang’s film will pull in the Hollywood effects team behind Saving Private Ryan and The Dark Night. Zhang and his longtime producer Zhang Weiping (no relation) of the New Picture Film Company announced Bale’s casting and the hiring of Joss Williams and Martin Asbury’s Dark Side FX to a roomful of hundreds of Chinese reporters.

The Nanjing Massacre, when Japanese troops killed thousands of Chinese citizens in what was then the nation’s capital in 1937, has been the subject of several recent Chinese and co-produced films, each of which has included the character of John Rabe, a German businessman who helped save hundreds of Chinese refugees.

Bale will not play Rabe but instead play an American priest called John who helps a great number of Chinese escape certain death.

The script was written by Yan and Liu Heng, who wrote the novel upon which director Zhang’s early hit Ju Dou was based.

“I met Christian in America and was impressed with his serious book research for the role,” director Zhang said after playing a five-minute video mash up of clips from Bale’s Hollywood films, few of which have ever played theatrically in China.

The film will be shot about 40% in English and the rest in Mandarin Chinese, sources close to the project told The Hollywood Reporter. Zhang made no other cast or crew announcements.

“There are no foreign investors,” Zhang said, noting that it was too early to confirm what company might sell the film’s international rights.

Previously, Sony Pictures Classics distributed Zhang’s films in the U.S. market, but Sony does not appear to be involved at this time. Bill Kong, head of Hong Kong-based EDKO Films, emailed The Hollywood Reporter to say: “Edko will be involved with dealing with the foreign territory” rights for the film Kong referred to by an alternate working title, 13 Flowers of Nanjing.

Director Zhang’s highest-grossing film ever was 2002 period war film Hero starring Jet Li, which took in almost $54 million in the U.S. His new film comes at a time when China’s movie business is booming at home and dominant in parts of Asia, but receives little attention elsewhere

Zhang, whose last film, Under The Hawthorn Tree, it was announced last week, will have its European premiere in February in the Generation sidebar at the Berlin Film Festival. Zhang competed at Berlin this year with A Woman, A Gun and a Noodle Shop and won the Golden Bear there in 1987 for Red Sorghum and the Alfred Bauer prize in 2002 for Hero.

Zhang was twice nominated for an Oscar. No Chinese film or director has ever won a major category Academy Award.

Asked if casting Bale was a move to raise Chinese cinema’s profile in the U.S. market — still 10 times bigger than China’s box office — director Zhang said “It’s the overall strategy for Chinese cinema to approach the world and broaden its influence but casting Bale was a coincidence because the script happened to have an English-speaking part in the lead.”

Zhang will begin shooting the film on January 10 in a Republican Era (1911-1949) replica church built near Nanjing.

In 2008, a slew of Nanjing-themed films came out in China, including Lu Chuan’s City of Life and Death, from the China Film Group, and German director Florian Gallenberger’s John Rabe, a co-production with Huayi Brothers Media.

Bale to star in Zhang’s film about Nanjing

Bale to star in Zhang’s film about Nanjing
Last Updated: Wednesday, December 22, 2010 | 11:58 AM ET Comments2Recommend12
CBC News
Zhang Yimou, shown Wednesday in Beijing, has announced his latest film will star Christian Bale. Zhang Yimou, shown Wednesday in Beijing, has announced his latest film will star Christian Bale. (Alexander F. Yuan/Associated Press)

British actor Christian Bale has signed on to Zhang Yimou’s film about Japanese atrocities in Nanjing during the Second World War.

Bale is to play an American priest who shelters a group of prostitutes and some young female students in the Chinese city in 1937 in Nanjing Heroes.

The takeover of the city by the Japanese, referred to as The Rape of Nanking, resulted in an estimated 150,000 deaths and countless rapes. It is considered one of the most savage war crimes in history.

The city, called Nanking meaning “southern capital” in the Second World War-era English rendering of the Chinese name, now is referred to as Nanjing.

Zhang, the director of Raise the Red Lantern and Hero, had long promised to cast an A-list Hollywood actor in the role and there had been speculation about Tom Hanks and Brad Pitt as the priest.
British actor Christian Bale, shown July 23, 2008, will play the American priest who shelters a group of vulnerable women during the Rape of Nanking. British actor Christian Bale, shown July 23, 2008, will play the American priest who shelters a group of vulnerable women during the Rape of Nanking. (Manu Fernandez/Associated Press)

He said he chose Bale because of his versatility as an actor, adding that he was impressed that the actor had researched the incident.

“I gave him the names of some books that he should read about the Nanjing massacre,” the director said. “When I went to see him, I saw those books were lying open on his table, and I was very touched.”

Bale, currently winning accolades for his role as the junkie boxer in The Fighter, also is known for his portrayal of Batman in The Dark Knight.

Zhang said he hopes casting Bale will bring a Western audience to the picture, due for release next December.

“We’ve made many, many Nanjing movies … but they are mostly like we’re talking to ourselves. A lot of young people in Western countries might not know about it,” Zhang said.

The 2007 documentary Iris Chang: The Rape of Nanking centred on the author of a book on the 1937 massacre. But in China, there have recently been several features on the subject, including the blockbuster Nanking, which had little following outside of China.

The $90-million US production is based on the novel The 13 Noble Ladies of Nanjing by contemporary writer Yan Geling. It is about a group of sex workers in Nanjing who agree to go with the Japanese soldiers to protect their compatriots.
With files from The Associated Press

Read more:

China holds memorial ceremony, Buddhist assembly to commemorate Nanjing Massacre

China holds memorial ceremony, Buddhist assembly to commemorate Nanjing Massacre victims 2010-12-13 22:49:26
NANJING, Dec. 13 (Xinhua) — About 5,000 Chinese and foreigners gathered Monday in Nanjing, capital of east China’s Jiangsu Province, to mourn hundreds of thousands of people who were killed by invading Japanese troops 73 years ago.
Participants in the ceremony stood in silent tribute, offered wreaths and bowed in front of the Memorial Hall of the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre, with sirens wailing in the drizzling morning on Monday, the 73rd anniversary of the massive slaughter.
“The Japanese soldiers invaded Nanjing when I was four, and they killed some of my family members. On the anniversary of the massacre every year I would come here to express my grief,” said Sun Xuelan, a 77-year-old survivor, who is confined to a wheelchair.
Japanese troops occupied Nanjing on Dec. 13, 1937 and began a six-week massacre. Records show more than 300,000 people — not only disarmed soldiers , but also civilians — were killed.
Mikhalchev Mikhail, deputy director of the Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War in Russia, said, “In the history of human civilization, some facts shouldn’t be forgotten, and the Nanjing Massacre was one of them.”
He noted that the tragedy had become a symbol of the Chinese people’s bitter suffering and prompted all people to learn the preciousness of peace.”
“We should remember the history, but not hatred. Peace is a common desire of all human beings,” said Nanjing citizen Yu Hong , who attended the ceremony.
Besides the memorial ceremony, Buddhist monks from China and Japan held a religious service Monday at the Memorial Hall of the Victims of the Nanjing Massacre.
The assembly was attended by 15 monks from six Buddhist temples in Japan, more than 50 monks and Buddhist believers from China and thirty Massacre survivors and relatives of victims.
The monks chanted Buddhist prayers of mourning and prayed for peace.
Aori Take Shuna, abbot of Japan’s Reiunti Temple, read a poem he wrote to honor the dead and prayed for long-term friendship between the peoples of China and Japan.
Yamauchi Sayoko, who was a representative of a sect of Japanese Buddhism, said that the people of Japan, which invaded and occupied China in the 1930s and 1940s, were deeply regretful for the victims of the war and sincerely hoped such a tragedy would never be repeated.
Built in 1985, the memorial hall annually records five million visitors since it was expanded and renovated in 2007.
Zhu Chengshan, curator of the hall, said that every year when the anniversary of the Nanjing Massacre occurs , nearly 10,000 Nanjing citizens would swarm the hall and spontaneously mourn the victims.
On Sunday, workers began to extend a memorial wall at the memorial hall on which names of those killed are engraved.
After the extension, the wall would have 10,324 names, 1,724 more than three years ago, Zhu said.
Collecting the names of the victims was an important job in researching the Massacre, but it was difficult to find witnesses and documents decades later, he said.
Moreover, a group of historians from China, Japan and the United States has begun compiling an encyclopedia on the Nanjing Massacre, which was expected to embody a wide range of historical documents and pictures. “The dictionary may serve as a consolation to the deceased,” Zhu said.
Editor: yan

China extends “wailing wall” to engrave more names of Nanjing Massacre victims

China extends “wailing wall” to engrave more names of Nanjing Massacre victims
2010-12-13 02:22:38 GMT2010-12-13 10:22:38 (Beijing Time) Xinhua English

A man takes photos at the Memorial Hall of the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders in Nanjing, east China’s Jiangsu Province, Dec. 12, 2010.A series of activities were held in Nanjing to mourn for more than 300,000 citizens of Nanjing massacred by Japanese invaders in 1937, marking the 73rd anniversary of the tragedy which falls on Dec. 13. (Xinhua/Wang Xin)

Visitors take a tour to the Memorial Hall of the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre in Nanjing, east China’s Jiangsu Province, Dec. 12, 2010. A series of activities were held in Nanjing to mourn for more than 300,000 citizens of Nanjing massacred by Japanese invaders in 1937, marking the 73rd anniversary of the tragedy which falls on Dec. 13. (Xinhua/Wang Xin)

Visitors take a tour to the Memorial Hall of the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre in Nanjing, east China’s Jiangsu Province, Dec. 12, 2010. A series of activities were held in Nanjing to mourn for more than 300,000 citizens of Nanjing massacred by Japanese invaders in 1937, marking the 73rd anniversary of the tragedy which falls on Dec. 13. (Xinhua/Wang Xin)

Mourners pay condolences at the Memorial Hall of the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre in Nanjing, east China’s Jiangsu Province, Dec. 12, 2010. A series of activities were held in Nanjing to mourn for more than 300,000 citizens massacred by Japanese invaders in 1937, marking the 73rd anniversary of the tragedy falls on Dec. 13. (Xinhua/Li Wenbao)

Mourners pay condolences at the Memorial Hall of the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre in Nanjing, east China’s Jiangsu Province, Dec. 12, 2010. A series of activities were held in Nanjing to mourn for more than 300,000 citizens massacred by Japanese invaders in 1937, marking the 73rd anniversary of the tragedy falls on Dec. 13. (Xinhua/Li Wenbao)

Mourners pay condolences at the Memorial Hall of the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre in Nanjing, east China’s Jiangsu Province, Dec. 12, 2010. A series of activities were held in Nanjing to mourn for more than 300,000 citizens massacred by Japanese invaders in 1937, marking the 73rd anniversary of the tragedy falls on Dec. 13. (Xinhua/Li Wenbao)

A mourners pays condolences at the Memorial Hall of the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre in Nanjing, east China’s Jiangsu Province, Dec. 12, 2010. A series of activities were held in Nanjing to mourn for more than 300,000 citizens massacred by Japanese invaders in 1937, marking the 73rd anniversary of the tragedy falls on Dec. 13. (Xinhua/Li Wenbao)
NANJING, Dec. 12 (Xinhua) — China on Sunday started to extend a memorial wall to engrave more names of those massacred by Japanese aggressors more than 70 years ago in Nanjing.
After extension, the “wailing wall”, a part of the Memorial Hall of the Victims in Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders, will have 10,324 names on it, curator Zhu Chengshan said.
The wall was engraved with 3,000 names when it was first built in 1995, and the list was expanded to more than 8,600 names in 2007 when the memorial reopened after a major repair and extension to mark the 70th anniversary of the massacre.
The original wall was 43 meters long and 3.5 meters high. The extension will lengthen the wall by 26.5 meters, with 1,655 more names added to it, according to Zhu.
Nanjing Massacre happened during World War II after Japanese troops occupied Nanjing, then capital of China, on Dec. 13, 1937. More than 300,000 Chinese were killed in the month-long atrocity.
To collect the names of the victims is an important but tough job in the research of the massacre, as it is hard to seek witnesses and related documents decades after the holocaust, said Zhu.

“Nanking Massacre” 73rd Anniversary Memorial Service, Los Angeles

悼念南京大屠殺犧牲者 史維會強調二戰真相












該 會除了有來自兩岸三地的會員外,也有菲律賓裔、韓國裔等在二次世界大戰曾受到日本欺壓的國家

成員,其他如主流人士甚至日本裔成員也一同加入推廣亞洲歷史, 周慧明解釋,日本裔會員加入原因



http: //史維會悼南京屠殺死難同胞–


December 12, 2010 06:00 AM

洛杉磯史維會與蒙市舉辦紀念南京大屠殺死難同胞,並為中美軍民友好二次大戰紀念碑獻花。(記者 啟鉻/攝影)

洛杉磯二 戰史實維護會與蒙特利公園市11日舉辦悼念「南京大 屠殺」死難同胞紀念會,向蒙市中美軍民友好二次大戰紀念碑獻花。當天還放

映了中國反映南京大屠殺影片「南京!南京!」。洛 杉磯史維會創辦人臧大成表示,這是史維會在蒙市最近建立中美軍民友好二次大戰紀念

碑以來首次為紀念碑獻花。1937年12月13日,日軍占領中國南京,肆 意殺戮。在沒有任何藉口和反抗下,日軍對南京城內的男女老少殺害,

持續六周,南京城內屍骸成堆。南京大屠殺事件至少有36萬9366人被殺害,8萬女性被 強暴。而在日軍侵華期間,估計有3000萬中國人被殺。

當天放映中國導演陸川執導的影 片「南京!南京!」,在2009年塞巴斯蒂安電影節上獲得最佳影片和最佳攝影兩項大獎。

Free Community Event
Open to General Public


“Nanking Massacre” 73rd Anniversary Memorial Service


Monterey Park City Hall at front of the

“American and Chinese WWII Memorial Monument”


Dec. 11, 2010 (Saturday)
1:30pm Present wreath
2:00pm Show film
” City of Life & Death” *
at Community Room

*At 2009 San Sebastian Film Festival, Spain, the film won Achievement in Directing (Lu Chuan) and Achievement in Cinematography (Cao Yu)

Sponsored by ALPHA-LA
contact:Jeannie Liu (310) 871-9762

1st American and Chinese World War II Memorial Monument at Monterey Park

On Nov 22,  2010 at the unveiling ceremony ALPHA-LA  former board member Judge Yosh Yamanaka as a guest speaker gave the following speech:

Ladies and Gentlemen, Honored guests:

I’d like to thank the Monterey Park City Council and the American and Chinese WW2 Memorial Monument Association for inviting me to this commemoration.

We honor the American and Chinese armed forces and civilians who gave their lives to defend freedom and human rights against the aggressions of Japanese imperialism during WW2. This occasion provides us with an opportunity to reflect upon the causes and consequences of war.

Many historians have said that one of the root causes of Imperial Japan’s militaristic expansion into Korea, Manchuria, Taiwan, and other parts of Asia was Japan’s need for raw materials. That aggressive expansion was rationalized as the benevolence of Japan in creating a so-called “Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere.” Some feel that Japan’s attack on the United States became inevitable when the United States prohibited the shipment of scrap iron to Japan.

Opportunistic nations will often go to extreme lengths to gain access to mineral resources and other raw materials located in foreign lands. War is the worst of these measures, because the destruction extends beyond the military to the civilians of the nation being attacked. Soldiers often fail to stop after vanquishing foreign armies and continue their aggressions by brutalizing the civilian population.

Such crimes against civilians were perpetrated by the Japanese Imperial military. Among those crimes were the abduction, imprisonment, sexual enslavement and rape of Korean and other Asian women. Those girls and women were euphemistically called “Comfort Women.”

The government of Japan has never officially apologized to the so-called Comfort Women. Most of those women have now gone to their graves while bearing the agonizing shame and humiliation of having been raped countless times. Let us hope that Japan recognizes its moral obligation to apologize to those it has victimized. Otherwise, the last of the Comfort Women will have died, and with them, Japan’s possibility for atonement.

In 1995, the U.N. began discussions about expanding the Security Council to allow the seating of Japan, Germany, India, and Brazil as permanent members. Talk of Japan obtaining a permanent seat on the Security Council intensified in 2004. That year, as a member of ALPHA-LA, the Alliance to Preserve the History of World War 2 in Asia, I helped circulate a petition which opposed Japan’s accession as a permanent member of an expanded Security Council. We insisted that Japan not be honored with a permanent seat until the government apologized and paid reparations to Comfort Women, victims of chemical and biological warfare, of slave labor, and of the Bataan Death March.

More than one million signatures were collected in the Peoples Republic of China and many more signatures were collected elsewhere in the world. I was part of a delegation which presented those petitions to United Nations Secretary General Kofi Anan.

My position today is the same as it was in 2004. I continue to feel that Japan should not be honored with a permanent seat on the Security Council until it atones for its victimization of innocent men and women during WW2.

Japan is the country of my birth, and some of my relatives have urged me not to publicly criticize Japan. However, as a free citizen of the world, my conscience requires me to speak out whenever massive crimes are perpetrated by a government, whether that government is that of Japan, the United States, Myanmar, Sudan, or the Peoples Republic of China.

In closing, let me say that it is appropriate that we commemorate the American and Chinese soldiers and civilians who resisted Japan’s imperialist aggression during WW2. Today’s commemoration reminds us that there is a famous wall in Washington D.C. that commemorates American soldiers who gave their lives during our war against the Vietnamese people. And there are other memorials throughout the world dedicated to the memory of those who suffered or died because of war. My hope is that one day, it will be unnecessary to build war memorials, because war will have become an obsolete instrument of our barbaric past.

I believe that if everyone who shares this hope commits to this vision, we can achieve a world which does not choose war as a solution, but one in which all people enjoy a peaceful coexistence.

I wish to again thank the City Council, and the members of the American and Chinese WW2 Memorial Monument Association.

Thank you.

Editor note: Yosh Yamanaka was born in Tokyo, Japan 10 months after VJ Day.  He immigrated to the United States when he was 4 ½ years old and attended public schools in Los Angeles.  He got his undergraduate degree at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.  Yosh got his teaching credential and M.A. in Special Education and taught math, science and photography for 14 years.  In the meantime, he took evening classes at Southwestern, passed the California Bar Exam, and practiced law for 8 years.

Yosh was appointed to the bench and has been a workers’ compensation administrative law judge for the past 16 years.  He has served as an officer on numerous non-profit boards including Pacifica Foundation, L.A. Friends of Tibet, Captive Daughters, and the Alliance to Preserve the History of WWII in Asia.

Yosh will be retiring from the bench next month to teach English in Laos and work on the unexploded ordnance problem in that country.